New and Old History
Die USA haben es beschlossen. Sie sind willig und entschlossen. Sie wollen die New World Order. S…
Agenda 21 For Dummies
This is after sorting Humans at the FEMA Camps?
For the best workers!
Community · 3,327 Likes
Founded in the 1990s, the Bear Clan Patrol had hundreds of volunteers trying to make Winnipeg’s streets safer – then it disappeared. Now a community group wants to bring it back, and people are already signing up.
The Danube Valley civilization is one of the oldest civilizations known in Europe. It existed from between 5,500 and 3,500 BC in the Balkans and covered a vast…
Archaeologists in Peru have discovered an ancient ceremonial center and a circular-shaped pyramid in Miravalles, in the region of Cajamarca in northern Peru. According to a news report in The Epoch Times, the site dates back an…
Mangareva is home to just 2,000 inhabitants. The island is a tiny 18 square kilometres and is located halfway between Easter Island and Tahiti. Yet on this…
There comes a time in everyone’s life when we just have to be real and face the facts. Not all crop circles are made by humans. Sure theres plenty that are and you can easily tell. The differences between ones made by humans and ones…
GREAT INDEPENDENT FILM
A BEAUTIFUL MOUNTAIN DEFACED WITH IMAGES OF SOCIOPATHS
Mt. Rushmore is a desecration of our Sacred Mother Earth and a slap in the face of Lakota peoples everywhere. Documents have stated that Mt. Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota is a shrine to democracy. As you read further, you will…
On Feb. 27, 1973, more than 200 Oglala lakota Sioux and members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) occupied the village of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Angered over a long history of violated treaties, mistreatment, family dismemberment, cultural destruction, discrimination, and impoverishment through confiscation of resources, they demanded the U.S. live up to the terms of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie. That treaty recognized the Sioux as an independent nation in the western half of South Dakota. Wounded Knee was chosen because of the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre there of several hundred men, women and children by U.S. troops. [Description from peacebuttons.info] To learn more, see Episode 5 of the film We Shall Remain: http://bit.ly/1DeQt8O Poster by Bruce Carter. We Remember 1890 — 1973.
42 years ago, over 200 Oglala Lakota liberated the area of Wounded Knee in what would become a 71-day standoff with the United States. Many other Indigenous people would come support this action, from all across Turtle Island.
This event stands strong in the minds of many Native people who ponder resistance, sovereignty and the ever struggle for self-determination. Although these may not have been the exact calls for the liberation, we as scholars, resistors, community organizers, treaty and elected leaders, language teachers, and general badass nation builders have used this event as a moment of inspiration for our continuous struggle to affirm our rights as Indigenous Peoples and to always look ahead, by looking back, at what is possible for our people.
And they call this day, #LiberationDay
THE WORK OF AMERKAN SNIPERS
On December 29, 1890, the troops of the U.S. Seventh Cavalry slaughtered nearly 300 men, women and children at the Pine Ridge Reservation community of…
On February 27, 1973, the Occupation of Wounded Knee began on South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Reservation—here are 13 images from that time.
Kanseah was Geronimo’s nephew and was his youngest apprentice warrior when Geronimo surrendered in 1886. Born in 1873, Kanseah lived through nearly three decades of imprisonment, including the hard school years at Carlisle. At the time of the surrender, he was being trained by Yanosha, a great warrior. When he was four or five, his mother died as the army drove his band to San Carlos concentration camp. His grandmother took care of him for three years before she died. Other Apache mothers shared their scant rations with the orphan. He always believed that his small size was the result of poor nutrition in his childhood.
According to Chiricahua tradition, Kanseah had prepared all of his young life to become a warrior. During peaceful times, as a small boy, he played among the rocks and pines with other children, leaping from boulder to boulder, running crawling. He whittled toys, fashioned bows and arrows out of soft wood, and hunted wild fruits and nuts. As he got older, he rose before sunrise, bathed in a creek even when ice covered the water, and raced up the side of a mountain carrying water in his mouth.
He shot small game and was taught how to hide, track, map the terrain, and find his way back to camp. In Geronimo’s tightly organized band, all youngsters had assigned duties. Caring for the horses was an important job in that equestrian society, and the boys were expected to perform their duties conscientiously and well. Naturally, all that ended abruptly with the Apache surrender. They were never captured.
“Geronimo was my uncle. My father died before I remember, and he was killed by Mexican [army soldiers]. My grandmother raised me.”
Kanseah’s only living relative Geronimo, broke free from San Carlos and returned to the warpath and took the boy with him.
“I was about fourteen when I went with Geronimo… We lived first one place, then another, always in a different place. Sometimes stay anywhere, like a coyote.” The first night the group – men, women, and children – rode hard, traveling ninety miles and changing horses as Yanosha found fresh horses. They changed mounts three times that night. Kanseah remembered that Victorio’s son Istee was in the group.”
“When I was a little boy I knew Yanosha, he was about sixteen when I first saw him…When I first went with Geronimo he had only a few at his camp – Naiche, Chihuahua, Chato, Massai, Yanosha.”
Geronimo assigned Kanseah to Yanosha as a kind of orderly. Yanosha whose sister was Geronimo’s fourth wife, was one of the bravest of a courageous group and was a great warrior. In 1871, when Juh was awaiting the opportunity to kill Lieutenant Howard Cushing, it was Yanosha who reconnoitered and reported to Juh that it was Cushing they trailed. Yanosha had been in the Guadalupes in New Mexico near the Mexican border and recognized Cushing.
Yanosha treated the boy well, and Kanseah took care of his horses, cooked his food, and ate what was left, completing his chores without talking, unless Yanosha gave an order or asked a question. Kanseah practiced with bow and arrow, ran long distances, and learned to ride. It took Kanseah about three winters to serve his apprenticeship, participate in four raids, and become a warrior. “Yanosha was a good runner…These young people today can’t do it. I had to run all the time…”
Kanseah said he didn’t know what distance Yanosha was capable of because the Apaches didn’t measure distance. He once said Yanosha could run almost as well as the great Hopi Lewis Tewanamo, who won a 45-mile race in Europe. Yanosha was also a sharpshooter who never wasted a bullet.
Kanseah considered Yanosha one of Geronimo’s most loyal warriors, but for a time he was a scout. “Yanosha was a U.S. scout at San Carlos and Fort Apache against his own people and his brother-in-law Geronimo.” No doubt the appeal was telling the Apache men they would have a home and money, of which they never received. At this time, Yanosha’s relatives, Fun, Eyelash, Perico, and another brother, were all scouts at Fort Apache in a company with the Chiricahua, Noche, as sergeant major and Chato (another former warrior of Geronimo’s band) as the first sergeant of the company. Crawford and Maus were the officers of that company. “They (Chato) could not turn Yanosha against his own relation.” Yanosha, a cousin to Chato, left his troop because Chato treated him badly. Cisna and Fun also returned to Geronimo.
According to army records, Yanosha was thirty-two at the time of surrender, his wife twenty. When his service as a scout was up, Yanosha should have gotten a pension but the agency’s books burned.
Kanseah was about fifteen at the time of surrender. (The army estimated his age at twelve because of his small size.) He was sent to Carlisle and with other young people and given the name Jasper. He later married Lucy Gonoltsis, who was also Chiricahua.
For thirty-two years, Kanseah was a respected chief of police on the Mescalero Reservation. He once said he dealth with culprits resisting arrest by shooting them in the arm. He never missed. Like his mentor, Yanosha, Kanseah was a sure shot.
Both men died in the 1950’s on the Mescalero, New Mexico Reservation and were among the last survivors of Geronimo’s band. Giving of themselves freely to help their people, they serve as a tribute to the Apache people and to all freedom fighters of the Earth.
MURDERING BASTARDS… THE SPANIARDS
Pedro De Alvarado Massacred warriors and priest in the Main Temple of “Teocalli.”
May 21, 1520.
Here it is told how the Spaniards killed, they murdered the Mexicans who were celebrating the Fiesta of Huitzilopochtli in the place they called The Patio of the Gods
At this time, when everyone was enjoying the celebration, when everyone was already dancing, when everyone was already singing, when song was linked to song and the songs roared like waves, in that precise moment the Spaniards determined to kill people. They came into the patio, armed for battle.
They came to close the exits, the steps, the entrances [to the patio]: The Gate of the Eagle in the smallest palace, The Gate of the Canestalk and the Gate of the Snake of Mirrors. And when they had closed them, no one could get out anywhere.
Once they had done this, they entered the Sacred Patio to kill people. They came on foot, carrying swords and wooden and metal shields. Immediately, they surrounded those who danced, then rushed to the place where the drums were played. They attacked the man who was drumming and cut off both his arms. Then they cut off his head [with such a force] that it flew off, falling far away.
At that moment, they then attacked all the people, stabbing them, spearing them, wounding them with their swords. They struck some from behind, who fell instantly to the ground with their entrails hanging out [of their bodies]. They cut off the heads of some and smashed the heads of others into little pieces.
They struck others in the shoulders and tore their arms from their bodies. They struck some in the thighs and some in the calves. They slashed others in the abdomen and their entrails fell to the earth. There were some who even ran in vain, but their bowels spilled as they ran; they seemed to get their feet entangled with their own entrails. Eager to flee, they found nowhere to go.
Some tried to escape, but the Spaniards murdered them at the gates while they laughed. Others climbed the walls, but they could not save themselves. Others entered the communal house, where they were safe for a while. Others lay down among the victims and pretended to be dead. But if they stood up again they [the Spaniards] would see them and kill them.
The blood of the warriors ran like water as they ran, forming pools, which widened, as the smell of blood and entrails fouled the air.
And the Spaniards walked everywhere, searching the communal houses to kill those who were hiding. They ran everywhere, they searched every place.
When [people] outside [the Sacred Patio learned of the massacre], shouting began, “Captains, Mexicas, come here quickly! Come here with all arms, spears, and shields! Our captains have been murdered! Our warriors have been slain! Oh Mexica captains, [our warriors] have been annihilated!”
Then a roar was heard, screams, people wailed, as they beat their palms against their lips. Quickly the captains assembled, as if planned in advance, and carried their spears and shields. Then the battle began. [The Mexicas] attacked them with arrows and even javelins, including small javelins used for hunting birds. They furiously hurled their javelins [at the Spaniards]. It was as if a layer of yellow canes spread over the Spaniards.
I know this might be a polarizing one…
In Canada the majority of homeless, or people on the streets are Native.
That is: First Nations, Metis, Inuit.
In Canada, the majority of prison inmates in some provinces are Native. The rest have a ridiculously disproportionate percentage compared to population.
In Canada, the vast majority of children who do not have access to clean water, decent education, food security and health care are Native.
In Canada, half of the children in foster care are Native. The Native child population is still being removed from their families.
The history of this land that you don’t learn, that you aren’t taught, is a Native history and began thousands of years ago.
The people Native to this land lived free, lived happy, lived strong. There was no issue of substance abuse, sexual abuse, domestic abuse.
While I’m sure not everything was a paradise, and to be sure there were wars and conflicts, the general reality was a pretty good one.
These social ills are a direct result of colonization and it didn’t just happen a long time ago. It is happening today.
The theft of land.
The theft of resources.
The theft of innocence, of decency, of culture and of soul.
These things still happen.
I could spend a lifetime correcting the many many untruths you have been told by the government, by those who don’t know what they are talking about, by those with their own agendas, and I wouldn’t touch the tip of the iceberg.
There is a continuing effort to marginalize and “disappear” the people of this land. To complete the process of colonization and assimilation.
And now you know.
It was never your fault, but now that you know it becomes your responsibility.
We all watch in complicit silence as the diversity, the balance, the beauty of this world is consumed by an ever expanding culture of consumption and destruction.
We all wonder what is going to happen, who’s going to stop it, trusting that there is still time.
This painting is of my uncle, who lived on the streets and died on the streets. I am sure people assumed the worst of him, wrote him off as another bum, another native, another proof of the inherent laziness and unsuitability of a man with brown skin and a culture based in the natural laws of life.
They never saw the horrors done to him and his parents and their’s.
All in the name progress.
Rape in the name of Canada.
I tell this story and know many will be unhappy, offended, annoyed and dismissive.
But I know that there is at least one heart that will be moved. One heart that will choose to stand.
We can never right the wrongs of the past, but we can make sure we aren’t perpetuating them through our silence.
We live in an incredible time.
As a mixed race person, I have found that there is only the human race, and only one life: All Life.
We are all connected. I hold no anger for the past, but I feel we need to understand it to move forward. We need to see with open eyes.
I am your brother, your son, your father.
And you are All My Relations.
We know what the past seven generations have brought.
We can do better for the coming Seven Generations.
Words&Art: Aaron Paquette
Aaron Paquette is a First Nations Metis artist, author and speaker. Based in Edmonton, Aberta, his Bestselling Novel ‘Lightfinder’ was published 2014 through Kegedonce Press and is now in 3rd printing.
To order Lightfinder:
Suzan Shown Harjo, a recent recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, discusses the prevalence of redface on American stages and how disrespect of…
Antonio Sanchez via Indian Country Today Media Network
LIFE BEFORE THE HOLOCAUST
American Myths Debunked: Europeans Brought Culture to North America
And so we come to our second-to-last look at Cracked.com’s “6 Ridiculous Lies You Believe About the Founding of America,” specifically myth #5, “Native Culture Wasn’t Primitive.”
The “myth” Cracked.com is trying to debunk is two-fold: One, that American Indians lived in total harmony with nature and that Europeans alone used the natural resources of North American for their own purposes and two, that Natives didn’t create complex cities, and were in general less “civilized” and their societies less developed than Europeans.
For the first part of this two-part myth debunking, Cracked.com cites a report issued by environmental scientists from Stanford who think Natives cut down so many trees they may have, in fact, started a mini ice age.
ScienceNews.com reported on the research in which Stanford University geochemist Richard Nevle reported to the Geological Society of America’s annual meeting that by the end of the 15th century, with between 40 million and 100 million people living in the Americas, trees were destroyed at incredible rates to make room for crops. Some 500 years later, Indians were decimated by the smallpox, diphtheria and other European diseases—wiping out as much as 90 percent of the indigenous population, instigating a major re-growth in trees.
Nevle estimates that the new growth could have soaked up between 2 billion and 17 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide from the air, which “could have diminished the heat-trapping capacity of the atmosphere and cooled the climate,” he and his colleagues reported.
Yes, indigenous peoples from all over the Americas were cutting down trees and harnessing the power of the plentiful forests to feed, clothe and house their families, but the suggestion that, had their not been European-brought diseases to decimate the population there would have been major environmental damage on the scale that, say, the industrial revolution wrought is specious at best. But the claims do speak to the developed nature of the types of communities that existed for eons in North and South America.
As for the second portion of their myth, it has long been known that Natives built highly complex cities, from Cahokia in North America to the Mayan and Aztec cities such as Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan.
Cracked.com cites the much beloved factoid that at Cahokia’s peak, in 1250, this city (located in modern day East St. Louis) was bigger than London, and they cite Discover Magazine’s look at this city of some 20,000 souls who built monuments “rivaling Egypt’s Great Pyramid, then vanished into oblivion.”
It is, of course, no surprise that American Indians built complex societies, great city centers, and massive mounds that are on par with any of the Great Wonders of the World. Discover Magazine points out that Cahokia in particular is an astonishing site, a 4,000-acre complex that stands as the largest pre-colonization settlement north of Mexico. The imagination is stirred by the notion that in the 13th century, long before Europeans came ashore, there existed a magnificent walled city flourishing on the floodplain of the Mississippi River, complete with satellite villages, thatched-roof houses, central plazas, and trade routes that stretched from the Great Lakes to the gulf of Mexico.
What’s even more remarkable is, unlike many other World Heritage Sites, archaeologists still have no idea how this vast, lost culture started, ended, and, as Discover writes, “what went on in between.”
Cahokia was also home to what’s considered “the Great Pyramid of the United States,” according to WorldPyramids.com, and that’s Monk Mound. This gigantic earthwork, situated about a mile from the Mississippi, due north of East St. Louis, is a monument to expert planning and construction. The mound is 92-feet high, 951-feet long and 836-feet wide. It covers roughly 14.4 acres and consists of more than 2.16 billion pounds of non-local soil types.
Monk Mound is also made of limestone slabs, bald cypress and red cedar posts. WorldPyramids.com explains that the use of limestone slabs is “important as a chronological marker indicating late Archaic construction (3000-1000 BC).”
The colored soil of Monk Mound is being researched to this day. The soil that made up Monk Mound is not found in the surrounding alluvial floodplain where the mound is located, instead these soils were selected for their vivid colors and possibly brought in on rafts or on foot from hundreds of miles away. Blue, red, white, black, grey, brown and orange soils were layered in varying thickness throughout the mound’s construction. Historian Rick Osmon wrote of the mound’s soil on WorldPyramids.com, “the Blue soil is very rare and is known to come from Clay County, Indiana and white soil may be gypsum powder, which is found in northern Indiana. Red and orange soils come from southern Appalachian areas.” Scientists are still trying to comprehend the coordinated effort it took to move 43.1 million baskets of soil hundreds of miles, often on foot. Cracked.com helpfully puts this into a modern perspective—to replicate the effort it took to create Monk Mound, all 13-million of Illinois current residents would have to carry three 50-puond baskets of soil from as far away as Indiana.
Cracked.com goes on to end their piece commenting on the physical differences between Europeans and American Indians. To sum up their point, they write, “In the realm of personal hygiene, the Europeans out-hippied the Indians by a foul smelling mile.” They cite Charles C Mann’s “1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus,” in which European Verrazzano described a Native who boarded his ship thusly; “As beautiful in stature and build as I can possibly describe.”
The Native American National Council will offer amnesty to the estimated 240 million illegal white immigrants living in the United States. At a meeting on…
” Indigenous cultures have created thousands upon thousands of innovations that are in use today in the most modern of practices, be it a tub of popcorn at the movies, the administering of medicines with surgical precision or the removal of tartar from teeth in modern dentistry. In order to give some more credit where credit is due to our ancestral innovators, here are 10 Native inventions and innovations that changed the world. These are but a few examples of indigenous ingenuity, but highlighting them serves to unswathe yet another facet of hidden history.”Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2014/06/29/10-native-inventions-and-innovations-changed-world-155541?page=0%2C0
10 Native Inventions and Innovations That Changed the World
Bubbulicious—remember that gum? Well it may never have gotten its start if not for the sapodilla tree. The Mesoamerican Indians chewed the milky chicle, which became today’s chewing gum. And you thought you were being sneaky, Chiclets—we caught you copying Indians!Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2014/06/29/10-native-inventions-and-innovations-changed-world-155541?page=0%2C2
Baby Bottles and Formula
Using similar technology as the syringe, the Seneca used washed, dried and oiled bear intestines with a bird quill attached as a form of nipple. Mothers filled them with a mixture of pounded nuts, meat and water.Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2014/06/29/10-native-inventions-and-innovations-changed-world-155541?page=0%2C0
To combat insects such as lice infestation, the Paiute and Shoshone of the Great Basin, for example, washed their hair in a hot infusion made from sweetroot.
To fight other pests, pre-Columbian peoples built structures with cashew wood, while the Pima sprinkled ashes on their crops to thwart squash bugs. The Pueblo have used ground buffalo gourd to fend off garden pests, and Inca cotton farmers planted lemon verbena and burned it as a pesticide.
Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2014/06/29/10-native-inventions-and-innovations-changed-world-155541?page=0%2C1
WRITERS TAKE HEED BEFORE YOU TRY TO INTERPRET
Everyone who has read a book, or listened to an “expert” fancies themselves knowledgeable about Indian traditions & Indian History. The fact is that there are few experts, and most of us students struggle to separate the wheat from the tons of chaff that many “so-called experts” churn out. Real culture, real traditions and real history has depth, context and is internally harmonious and consistent — it hangs together and makes sense within the entire framework. It is also not for sale. In order to study it and learn about it one must be immersed within the cultural mileau and befriended by the elders. One needs to be savvy and not take any Wooden Indian Nickels, because there are a whole lot of folks out their calling themselves experts, who actually are purveyors of buffalo chips. Please visit http://www.yuchi,org and assess for yourself that material herein meets the criteria for authenticity.
#359 The Cherokee nearly always have an exaggerated presence in historical perspectives both in time and in space. The Dominant Culture generally views Indigenous History through a distorted Cherokee lens. The Cherokee were but a small tribe that first formed in the Southeast sometime in the Seventeenth Century. Despite attempts to claim that they were here during the Sixteenth Century Spanish Entradas, it is quite clear they were not, and that the Iroquoian migrations to the Southeast took place only as a result of the bloody Iroquois Wars in the North. Here is historian Chuck Hamilton’s 5-part analysis – an excellent perspective on the Indigenous Southeast (though I would make a few minor alterations to it.) See urls at:
Hamilton, Chuck. “Origin of the Cherokee – Part 1 of 5 — The Six Civilized Nations of the Old Southwest” The
Chattanoogan, Sunday, September 07, 2014. On line at
Hamilton, Chuck. “Origin of the Cherokee – Part 2 of 5 Cherokee Country at Spanish contact.” The Chattanoogan,
Monday, September 15, 2014. On line at
Hamilton, Chuck. “Origin of the Cherokee – Part 3 of 5 — Survival and dissolution of Mississippian societies.” The Chattanoogan, Saturday, September 20, 2014. On line at
Hamilton, Chuck. “Origin of the Cherokee – Part 4 of 5 — Rechahecrian/Rickohockan.” The Chattanoogan,
Thursday, September 25, 2014. On line at
Hamilton, Chuck. “Origin of the Cherokee – Part Part 5 of 5 — A few closing comments [and citations].” The
Chattanoogan, Monday, September 29, 2014. On line at
Greetings my relatives, we are planning ~ Ta anpetu, on March 29, 2015: we will host a celebration of our birth-anniversary.
You have been our strength and inspiration. We will share more as plans come along, please save the date in your calendar, you are why we are here.
One heart ~ one mind ~ one thought ~ one prayer
We remain Shielding The People in unity. Mni Wiconi! ~ Water is life
Photos courtesy of a Fellow defender of Unci Maka (Mother Earth) and future generations. At Sicangu Iyuksa Wicoti
Just some extra tidbits of interesting off beat single News Items you might not see.
WHY DO OTHER COUNTRIES GET THIS?
After spending over a year in Icelands national Museum, the last McDonalds meal sold in the country will now be going on display at Bus Hostel in Reykjavik.
Patrice Lopatin added 6 new photos.
In the past 2 weeks I found these weird fiber clusters sticking to me when I came in from the 3 foot deep snow! One is a foot long and the other is about 8 inches.They have a sticky and fine hair like quality to them and have tiny things mixed in that look like fleas which did not show up too well. I will try to get that in other photos if possible. This is creepy!